Some Of The Major Diseases Are As follows:
Cholera– Cholera is widely spread disease in the rural areas of India and African villages where there is no proper place for sanitation and no availability of clean drinking water. The disease is caused by bacteria named Vibrio cholerae which affects the intestines causing severe diarrhea leading to dehydration. Other symptoms include vomiting and leg cramps. In severe cases, cholera can be fatal.
Dengue– 50 million cases of dengue are reported every year around the world. The disease is caused by the bite of a mosquito named Aedes aegypti. Dengue has been on the rise since last few years in Asia and Africa. The dengue fever is rarely fatal and can range from mild to moderate. Symptoms in infants include febrile illness. Moderate cases of dengue, generally observed in elders show muscle and joint pain, high fever, rashes and severe headache. Severe cases of dengue may lead to hemorrhaging and circulatory failure.
Pneumonia– Pneumonia is a serious illness caused by mycoplasma or streptococcus bacteria. These bacteria thrive in the body and do not cause any infection. They come in action when a person’s body has been weakened by some other disease. The common symptoms include cough, mild or high fever, shortness of breath and chills. Other symptoms are headache, loss of appetite, fatigue, weakness, muscle pain and excessive sweating.
Tuberculosis– Tuberculosis is one of the most common infections in the world. It is estimated that nearly 2 million people die each year because of this disease. The disease can go unnoticed for very long time until the virus is inactive. The most common symptoms of TB includes cough that lasts for more than 2 weeks, night sweats, fever, chest pain, loss of appetite, chills, weight loss and fatigue. Severe TB can lead to blood in the urine, pain in the flank and swelling of the knees and other joints.
Typhoid– Typhoid is caused by infected water or food. The symptoms worsen with time. The incubation period is 1-2 weeks and the illness lasts for about 3-4 weeks. The symptoms include headache, poor appetite, very high fever, lethargy, constipation or sometimes diarrhea, nausea and generalized pain in the body.
Ebola– Ebola is the most talked about disease now a days and a lot of preventive measures are being taken to prevent this virus from spreading but still many cases have been reported till now. The incubation period of Ebola is 2 days to 3 weeks. The disease is contagious and can spread from person to person. Initial symptoms include sore throat, fever, headache, vomiting and diarrhea. The stages that follow include lowered functioning of the kidneys and liver which worsen and the person starts bleeding internally as well as externally. No known cure has been found till now but oral medicines are available to lower down the deadly symptoms.