Overview of Diabetes


DiabetesAccording to the World Health Organization was a few decades back diabetes an unusual disease, in industrial and developing countries. Today, the story is different. Currently, it is estimated that over 143 million people worldwide are affected by the disease. This number will increase until 2020 are expected over 220 million people with diabetes for life, if the current trend continues.

In the United States alone, there are 18.2 million people (6.3% of the population) living with diabetes. While another 13 million people with diabetes was diagnosed. Unfortunately, no 5.2 million (or nearly one third) are aware that they have the disease.

The character of Nigeria is not readily available, but it is estimated that more than 1.5 million people have diabetes in Nigeria.

In the developed countries that most patients are diabetes for more than 60 years, but in developing countries, diabetes affects people peaked.


Diabetes mellitus (or simply diabetes) derives from the Greek word ‘ Diabainein,’ means describe plenty pass urinate and mellitus comes from the Latin, means ‘sweetened with honey’. ” These two words mean sweetened urine or sugar in the urine.

Diabetes is to use a disease in which the body does not produce or insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that is needed in the body to control the rate at which sugar, starch and other food to glucose as energy for daily life needs converted. The hormone produced and published into the bloodstream by a body called “pancreas”. These help insulin to keep blood sugar within a normal range. The World Health Organization (who) this normal range between sets 60-100 mg / dl (before taking any food for the day, so this value is called fasting blood sugar). In health, despite several requests for glucose in different conditions, the blood glucose rarely exceeds this value.

After a meal the liver stores glucose in the meal in the form of glycogen and pass it into the blood in between meals. The function of insulin is the control of this storage and release of glucose. It is ensured that the amount of glucose in the blood at any given time not over or under the normal range.

There are three main types of diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in childhood. The body produces little or no insulin at all, and daily injections of insulin are required to sustain life.

Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1 and makes most cases of diabetes. Occurs mostly in adults. Not enough insulin glucose levels make the pancreas often normal, keep, because the body responds poorly to insulin. Many people with type 2 diabetes do not know that they, even though it is a serious disease. Type 2 diabetes is becoming more common due to the growing number of older Americans, increasing obesity and absence of exercise.

Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that at any time during pregnancy in a woman designed the no diabetes.

Causes of diabetes

Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin (a hormone of the pancreas to control the blood sugar), resistance to insulin, or both.

In order to understand diabetes, it is necessary to know the normal process of metabolism of food. Several things happen when food is digested:

A sugar called glucose enters the bloodstream. Glucose is a medium of fuel for the body.An organ called the pancreas produces insulin. The role of insulin is to move glucose from the blood into muscle, fat, and liver cells, where it can be used as fuel.People with diabetes have high blood sugar. This is the pancreas because not enough insulin or their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not normally react to insulin, or both.


risk-factors-of-diabetesDiabetes and high blood pressure are required to each other than a comprehensive action plan care, and this revolves around the eating habits, social and environmental factors. Several changes in lifestyle such as regular exercise, a moderate body weight, reduction of fat intake and high fiber content help maintain a normal and healthy life. These measures are known to be insulin sensitivity and lower blood pressure increase.

Clearly, it is very important to create more health-conscious people in the population. A people who practically believe is preventing disease than to treat when it became stronger, better and cheaper. In addition, not health care can be separated from regular medical as the two go hand in hand. There is no way to detect several communicable diseases, without regular medical control. The importance of these checks cannot be overemphasized.Get active for your health. You know your blood sugar levels and a healthier life and pain of diabetes.