Stages of breast cancer
Now check the other breast as well. If you you think found something, feeling the same area in the opposite breast. If they are the same thing is probably just your way, but if you are concerned, please visit your doctor. Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control and then nearby tissue can throughout the bodyor penetrate distributed. Large collections of this outside control tissue are called tumors. Some tumors but not really have cancer because they do not spread or threaten a person’s life. This is called benign tumors. Tumors that spread throughout the body or can invade nearby tissue are considered cancer and malignant tumors are called. Theoretically one of kinds of breast tissue can form cancer, but it is usually made of lines or glands. As it can take months to years to a tumor large enough, will the feeling that sometimes you can see the disease before we can feel it around his chest,screen for tumors with mammography.
The former is a breast cancer, the more likely it is that the treatment could be curable.X-rays are just screening mammography of each breast. The breast is between two plates for a few seconds while the X-ray pictures are taken. If something unusual or enlarged view or views are required especially angular best films be taken during mammography. Tumors usually identify mammography before they can be felt and they recognize particles of calcium, which can be an early sign of cancer. Regular screening mammograms can reduce breast cancer mortality by 30%. Women shouldhave a mammogram every year from 40 years old (although some groups of 50recommend), and women want to start maybe even sooner your risk or a strong family history is a genetic mutation that increases. At the age of 20 to 39 should everywoman should have a clinical breast exam every 3 years and 40 years old, every woman a clinical breast exam is carried out annually.
There are some experimental selection procedures that are currently being tested.These include optical tomography, CT, digital mammography, MRI, ductal wash and the ultrasound. According to the results of mammography or ultrasound, the doctors may recommend that you do a biopsy. Biopsy is the only way, sure, if you have cancer because it allows doctors to obtain cells that can be studied under a microscope. Thereare different types of biopsies; The difference in the amount of tissue is located. Some use a very fine needle biopsies, while other thicker needles or even require more tissue to remove a minor surgical procedure. Your medical team will decide, what kind of biopsy you need depending on your specific breast mass. Once the tissue is removed, a pathologist will check slide. The pathologist can tell whether it cancer or not. and if it’s cancer, then the pathologist it seemed from what substance, characterize as abnormal noises (known as the level) and that is not in surrounding tissue is, and if the entire lump was cut, the pathologist can determine whether there are cancer cells left at the borders (also known as the margins). The pathologist will test cancer cells for the presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors, as well as a receiver known as HER-2/neu. Basic 4 stages of breast cancer identified
Stage0 -(called carcinoma in situ) lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) food refers to abnormal cells a gland in the chest. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) refers to abnormal cells lining a pipe.
Stage I- ICH – early-stage breast cancer at an early stage where the tumor is less than 2 cm and has not spread beyond the breast.
Stage II- early-stage breast cancer at an early stage in which is less than 2 inches thick the tumor and spread into the lymph nodes under the arm. or the tumor is between 2 and5 cm (with or without spread to the lymph nodes under the arm); or the tumor is larger than 5 centimeters and not spread outside the breast.
Stage III -locally advanced breast cancer, the tumor is larger than 5 cm thick and spread to the lymph nodes under the arm has; or cancer is extensive the axillary lymph nodes;or cancer has spread, the lymph nodes near the breast bone or other tissues close to the breast
Stage IV -breast cancer, where the cancer outside of the breast to other organs of the body has spread.Depending on the stage of your cancer should your doctor test to see if you have metastases.
If you have a stage III, you probably have a chest X-ray, CT scan and bone scan, to look for metastases. Each patient is an individual and his doctors decide what is necessary to properly stage your cancer.
What are the treatments for breast cancer?
Surgery: some kind of operation in the course of their treatment, while some women candidates are for the so-called breast-conservation therapy (BCT) where surgeons perform a mastectomy, which means to remove the tumor with a little breast tissue around it, but not the entire breast have removed almost every woman with breast cancer. Some patients have a sentinel node biopsy procedure to determine whether a formal lymph node dissection is required first. Sometimes, the surgeon removes the largest part (but not the entire breast), and this is called a partial or segmental mastectomy. Most patients with DCIS, which will have breast cancer with radiation therapy of local recurrence of DCIS prevent treated.The most advanced cases of breast cancer are treated generally a modified radical mastectomy. Modified radical mastectomy to remove means to dissect the entire breast and the lymph nodes under the arm.
Chemotherapy: is the use of anti-cancer drugs that go throughout the body. The higher the stage of cancer, you have that, more important is that you get the chemotherapy. But neither stage I patients can benefit from chemotherapy in certain cases. In patients with early stage, the risk of recurrence can be small, and therefore the benefits of chemotherapy are even smaller. There are many different chemotherapy drugs, and they are usually in combinations of 3 to 6 months after surgery. Depending on the type of chemotherapy, you get get the meds every 3 or 4 weeks; and you may have to go, because many of the drugs must be given through a vein in a clinic for chemotherapy. AC (doxorubicin and Cycolphosphamide) are two of the most commonly used systems for 3 months or CMF (Cycolphosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil) for 6 months. There are pros and cons of each different regimes that your oncologist with you will discuss. On the basis of their own health, their personal values and desires and side effects, could itself would avoid, allows you to work with their doctors the best arrangements for your lifestyle.
Radiation: high-energy radiation used (similar to x-rays) to kill cancer cells. It comes from an external source, and this requires that patients come to a treatment center for radiation therapy 5 days a week for up to 6 weeks. The treatment takes only a few minutes and is painless. Radiation therapy is used in all patients, the breast protection therapy (BCT) will receive. The large tumors, the involvement of the lymph nodes is recommended for patients after a Lumpectomy or close / positive margins after surgery had. Radiation is important for reducing the risk of local recurrence and often is offered in more advanced cases can to kill tumor cells, which live in the lymph nodes
Hormone therapy: If the pathologist of the tumor tested his copy, he or she recognizes both the tumor is estrogen and progesterone receptors. Patients whose Tumor estrogen receptors Express, are candidates for therapy with a drug called blocking estrogen tamoxifen. Tamoxifen is taken for 5 years after the operation of the pill form.This drug has been shown to dramatically reduce the risk of recurrence, if your tumor estrogen receptors expressions. There are often associated with tamoxifen side consequences like weight gain, hot flashes and vaginal discharge, the patient can be disturbed through. There are also rare side effects like blood clots, strokes, or uterine cancer,taking patients by the choice can scare him. You have to remember that that is a serious problem with tamoxifen, but the decision to undergo hormone therapy an employee, providing you with your doctor should do your chances that a recurrence of the cancer in the rule are greater than your chances. The aromatase inhibitors, which work by reducing your body’s supply of estrogen; there is also a newer class of drugs. These drugs are reserved for patients who have gone through menopause. Talk to your doctor about these new therapies.
Biological therapy: the pathologist examines also the tumor, the presence of HER-2/neu expression. A material called Herceptin (trastuzumab) is a substance that blocks this receptor, and stops breast cancer to grow.
Monitoring of tests: once a patient for breast cancer was treated, they will need a replay will follow. First of all, you have follow up visits every 3 to 4 months. The more you are free of the disease, less often, for tests to go. After 5 years, you could see your doctor once per year. You should have a mammogram of treated and untreated breast cancer each year. As a risk factor had breast cancer it is for time and again, did their mammogram each year is extremely important. If you are taking tamoxifen, it is important to do a pelvic exam annually and report abnormal vaginal bleeding to your doctor.
Green tea: generations of families in India and Asia access to tea to rectify the evils.Green tea profits at least five vital organs, including the heart. For merly was the greentea thought to improve urinary and brain function, disease fighting beri beri and relieve indigestion. In other words, green tea, an elixir of several, was able to handle a variety of health problems. But this old remedy has already found a place in modern scientific literature by a new wave of studies on the medicinal properties of green tea. While human studies were not conclusive, the first evidence from the lab looks very promising.While green tea at the attack on everything that can be of high cholesterol by advantage, have depression, perhaps more attention for its effect against cancer.
Antioxidants are important because they can stop the enzyme activities that lead to cancer. Essentially, they repair DNA problems caused by oxidants or free radicals. Green tea has been considered a gift from God for good health, because he antioxidants,which is known as catechins. These materials have been called splendid growth of cancer cell inhibitors. Here is how to do it: laboratory tests show that they combat oxidants before cell damage, stop the growth of tumor cells reduce the occurrence of tumors.
Yes, there is a ray of hope to people suffering from this dreaded disease. Let’s do breast cancer awareness walk to spread the word.
This article is designed to give you a better understanding of breast cancer. You know this benefit, if you continue to meet with your doctor, treatment decisions and his search for information